Greatest Czech Composers

There are plenty of outstanding composers worldwide, and the Czech Republic happens to have plenty of them. It might seem amazing but this is actually true because there are 52 composers were born here. This makes Czechia the birthplace of the 8th most number of Composers behind Austria and Russia.

Read on to learn more about some of the greatest Czech composers.

Who Are the Greatest Czech Composers?

The following people are the most legendary Czech Composers of all time. This list of famous Czech Composers is sorted by HPI (Historical Popularity Index), a metric that aggregates information on a biography’s online popularity.

1. Antonín Dvorák

If you’re an aspiring musician, Antonin Dvorák was the guy to study and live by! For one thing, he championed freedom of expression in music. He also developed a three-movement structure that would go on to be used in virtually every symphony written during the 20th century.

He moved to Zlonice, Bohemia, at age 12 to pursue his musical studies. While he began as a violinist, his own pieces were not performed until later in 1872. He started receiving international recognition two years later.

The music of the Czech composer Dvorák is diverse and includes operas, choral pieces, symphonies & chamber music. He was among the first Czech composers to achieve global recognition. He traveled internationally and premiered his pieces in different European countries/ My dad started traveling to Europe for exhibitions.

His progressiveness and creativity earned him distinction throughout his life span and made him one of the greatest Czech composers.

One of his most recognizable classical music pieces is New World Symphony. Cello Concerto, Slavonic Dances, the Rusalka Opera, and Stabat Mater are his other great works. You cannot talk about Czech composers without mentioning Dvorák. He died of flu complications in 1904.

2. Bedrich Smetana

Bedrich Smetana was born in 1824 and is a famous Czech composer. As long as he could play the violin, Bedrich went ahead and continued his musical training in Prague.

He composed, performed as a piano virtuoso, taught music, and traveled around Europe during his life. He was also a leading representative of Czech culture and Czech national music.

Bedrich Smetana, whose works include The Bartered Bride and Má vlast (The Moldau), is a famous Czech composer whose music mixed reviews during his career. He continued composing even as his health declined, though, and many believe this was the point at which his fame started to rise.

Some people would argue that Dvorák is recognized globally, but, Bedrich had the biggest influence on me. He had a mental health crisis and started to struggle with his addiction and depression in the 1880s which led to him being institutionalized in 1884 and then dying of syphilis a couple of months later.

3. Agnes Tyrrell

Agnes Tyrrell was a piano player who went to Vienna to study at age sixteen and there she met Anton Bruckner. She released her first album at the age of nine and became one of the greatest pianists of all time!

Only a few females composed symphony before the 1900s and Tyrrell was among them. She published her first composition in 1872, followed by more than 300 compositions for voice and chamber ensemble, orchestra, and solo instrument

One of her works is the prelude to Tyrrell’s oratorio Die Könige in Israel. It’s one of her works that depict her expertise in creating musical compositions with thick, sparkling textures. Other works include Andante, op.

She died when she was 36 in Brno.

4. Leoš Janácek

Leoš Janácek was a Czech composer. Moravia, in 1854 and is one of the greatest Czech composers with global recognition.

He began playing piano at a young age and showed interest in singing as well. He committed to studying music composition around 1874.

Janácek was a teacher, publicist, folklorist, musical theorist, and composer. He’s most well-known for his piano pieces and choral music. Janácek also wrote operas that were famous throughout Europe during his lifetime. Most of his most famous works include Glagolitic Mass, The Cunning Vixen, Káta Kabanová, and Jenufa.

They have an annual music festival in his hometown. He was diagnosed with pneumonia during a vacation and passed away a few weeks later.

5. Jan Dismas Zelenka

Jan Dismas Zelenka was a composer born in 1679 who studied music in Vienna & Venice from 1715-16.

He started as a musician playing the violone, but it is not clear when he began composing. However, he was recognized for writing creative harmonies and mostly composed litanies, hymns, and primary masses. He spent most of his career in Dresden and Vienna.

Although his work was lost during the ages, Beethoven’s most influential pieces stayed intact. These include “Missa Votiva”, “Missa Sanctissimae Trinitatis”, and “Symphony No. 9 in D minor”. He became friends with other composers Bach & Telemann.

At the end of 1745, he died of dropsy.

6. Josef Myslivecek

Josef Myslivecek was a classical composer who, of sorts, mentored Mozart. So a lot of Mozart’s early pieces are compared to his work because they often sound similar.

He was born into a wealthy family that owned a mill, where he got his start in life. In the early 1760s, he decided to become an opera composer.

Myslivecek was among one of the most famous Czech composers because of his operas. For most of his career, he was a composer in Italy. He created diverse works such as concertos, chamber music, oratorios, and symphonies. His most cherished pieces include Isacco figura del Redentore II Bellerofonte 6 stri.

Considered a success and winner of the Lottery, Myslivecek died broke and all by his lonesome.

7. Bohuslav Martinu

Bohuslav Martinu was one of a few Czech composers of the 20th century who wrote in various genres including dance and opera. He may not have known how to play the violin but he had a strong passion for this instrument at an early age.

He studied in Paris and Prague where he learned about composing. Romanticism was a big form of compositional music for him, but that all changed in 1907 when he started releasing his compositions.

Martinu composed a lot of music including 400 pieces of operas, ballets, orchestral works, concertos, and chamber music. His work includes many pieces that have become beloved, including Memorial for Lidice, Violin Concerto #2, and Symphony #4. He not only lived in the US and France throughout his career, but he also spent a lot of time in Prague.

He developed stomach cancer and died overseas in 1959.

8. Julius Fucík

Julius Fuchik was born in 1872 in Prague, Bohemia. He was Dvorak’s student and a multi-instrumentalist who played several percussion instruments, violin, and bassoon. Stylistically he often drew comparisons to John Philip Sousa and was widely popular. He was a prolific composer during his life and managed to get some of his work published. However, Félík struggled to succeed in the bigger cities away from his home.

Fucík was born in the Czech Republic and died in Bohemia. His style of music is called ‘Bohemian Folk,’ and he also created this genre before it became mainstream. Today, his works are played at important events as patriotic music.

It was hard for him to get on his feet during WWI and his health declined. In 1916 he died.

9. Vítezslava Kaprálová

Vítezslava Kaprálová was born in 195 in Brno. She was the daughter of a composer and a singer. Her father’s name was Vikitorie Kaprálová and her mother’s name was Vàclav Kaprál. While she began as a self-taught composer, she also became an accomplished conductor. However, Kaprálová, unlike most of the greatest Czech composers, was not known to play any instruments.

She was a woman composer who composed different types of pieces alone or with others. She is known for her most popular works, which include Serenade, Trio for Bassoon, Clarinet and Oboe, Dubnová preludial, and Military Sinfonietta. She had a short career but was considered a prolific composer during that period.

Kaprálová’s life was tragically cut tragically short by a misdiagnosis that, in turn, lead to her death just 25 years later. She was just about to get married when she became sick and died not long after.

10. Peter Eben

Peter Eben was a modern composer who was born in 1929 in Zamberk, Czech Republic. He began learning the organ, cello, and piano at a young age. However, he was captured by Nazis in 1943 just as his career was beginning to take off, and stopped pursuing music for the rest of his life. After being imprisoned in Buchenwald, he was released in 1945.

Eben moved to Prague after achieving success. He graduated from the Prague Academy for Music and quickly joined various political parties after his bad experiences as a youth.

Still, despite all the obstacles, he was able to create a ton of fame. And everything he created became popular in the world. His most popular works include Prazské nokturno, Kletby a dobrorecení, Apologia Socratus, Posvátných znamení and Concerto for Piano and Orchestra.

For a long time, he leads a fairly average life. He died of a stroke in 2007.


The Czech Republic is responsible for having produced many talented composers throughout its history. Whether you prefer classical or more modern music, there is no shortage of musical talent coming out of this great country. There are plenty of other great composers from the Czech. You can check out and sample each of their work on YouTube if you have not already.

FAQ for Greatest Czech Composers

What are the most famous works of the Czech Republic?

The Czech Republic is a country in Central Europe. It is the largest and most populous of the Czech Republic, a member state of the European Union, and one of the 16 countries that make up the European Union’s Schengen Area.

The most famous works from this country are The Good Soldier Švejk by Jaroslav Hašek and The Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka.

What is the musical genre of the Czech Republic?

The Czech Republic is a country in Central Europe, with a rich and diverse musical history. The country is known for its classical music, jazz, and folk music.

The Czech Republic has a strong classical music tradition, with composers such as Mozart, Dvorak, and Janacek. Jazz came to the country later in the 20th century, but it has been gaining popularity since then. The country also has a vibrant folk music scene that includes artists like Ladislav Nelhybel and Karel Svoboda.

Who are some of the greatest composers in the Czech Republic?

The Czech Republic is known for its rich musical history. There are many famous composers who have had a significant impact on the world of music.

Some of the most famous Czech composers include Bedrich Smetana, Antonin Dvorak, Leos Janacek, Gustav Mahler, and Josef Suk.

What is the difference between classical and modern music?

Classical music is music that was composed before the 20th century. Modern music is composed after the 20th century.

The difference in these two types of music can be seen in the instruments and the way they are used in a performance. Classical instruments are typically supported by a full orchestra, whereas modern instruments support themselves with electronics and other technological advancements.

Classical music is usually considered to be more complex than modern music because it has more notes and a wider range of emotions that are expressed through those notes.

What instruments do Czech composers use?

Czech composers typically use a variety of instruments to create their music. They are familiar with the piano, violin, viola, flute, clarinet, and saxophone. Some also use the trumpet, trombone, and tuba.

The Czech Republic has a rich history of classical music. This is because it has been home to many composers throughout history who have used the country as their muse for inspiration in creating some of their best works.

How long have Czech composers been around?

The Czech Republic is a landlocked country in Central Europe. It was a part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire until the end of World War I.

The Czech Republic has been home to some of the most renowned composers, including Antonín Dvořák, Bedřich Smetana, Leoš Janáček and Gustav Mahler.

The Czech Republic has also produced some influential modern composers like Anton Webern and Pavel Haas.

Who are the leading Czech composers today?

This is a question that has been asked many times over the years. However, there are a few composers in the Czech Republic who have left a significant mark on the music industry.

Ladislav Kubelka is one of the most famous Czech composers today. He composed many popular pieces such as “Pohádka pro děti” and “Koledy”. Other composers include Antonín Dvořák, Bedřich Smetana and Leoš Janáček.

Who was the first Czech composer?

One of the first Czech composers was Jan Dismas Zelenka. He was born in 1677 and died in 1745. He is known for his work on the St Matthew Passion and his opera, The Bride of Messina.

Jan Dismas Zelenka was born in 1677, the first Czech composer to be born in modern times. He is known for his work on the St Matthew Passion and his opera, The Bride of Messina.

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